How to Handle Workout Injuries

How to Handle Workout Injuries

Starting or changing up an exercise routine is never easy. Especially if you are not as in tune with your body as people who are better at it. Without any knowledge of proper body positioning for certain exercises, or which pain is acceptable, there is plenty of room to accidentally injure yourself. Injuries are a common part of workouts. They range from a minor annoyance to something that can cause permanent damage to your body. So, it is important, before you change to or start a workout routine, to know what kind of possible injury can happen. The last thing you need to deal with is something that can potentially cause permanent damage or infection, after all.

Blisters While Jogging

Blisters often occur when there is excess heat. This also applies to the heat from friction. According to Wikipedia, “Intense rubbing can cause a blister, as can any friction on the skin if continued long enough. This kind of blister is most common after walking long distances or by wearing old or poorly fitting shoes.”

They appear on the top layer of skin and are often have blood, pus, or the clear part of the blood called serum, inside them. These are common workout injuries because they often crop up from a combination of rubbing from ill-fitting shoes and moisture trapped in socks.

If you have not got one already from a workout, you can prevent them. Mainly by “taping a protective layer of padding or a friction-reducing interface between the area and the footwear.”

If you have one already, however, you want to keep the outer layer of skin intact for as long as possible. Especially, if it has already burst. This will prevent excess bacteria from getting access to the inside of your body.  If it is uncomfortable to the point of inhibiting movement, you can burst it safely or get it done by a doctor.

workoutMuscle Sprains and Strains During Workouts

This one is trickier to identify than most workout injuries. Because of the adage, “no pain no gain” people can easily mistranslate the idea that any kind of pain associated with exercise is temporary. Our bodies move thanks to a combination of ligaments and muscles, so when one of them is out of commission for a little while, it will make it harder for our limbs to move.

Surprisingly enough, there is a difference between a sprain and a strain. And these differences are based on where the tearing occurs.

  • A sprain is an overstretched, torn or twisted ligament.
  • A strain is an overstretched, torn, or twisted tendon or muscle.

Ultimately, when either of those happens, it is enough pain and injury to cause bruising, swelling, and limited movement.

What can you do about it? Thankfully, most athletes know how to handle this workout injury by applying the standards and methods of R. I.C.E.

  • Rest: Stop any exercise or physical activities and avoid putting any weight on the affected limb.
  • Ice: Apply ice to the injury for up to 20 minutes every 2 to 3 hours. People can use bags of frozen vegetables if they do not have ice packs.
  • Compression: To help reduce swelling, a person can wrap the affected area with a bandage or trainer’s tape. Loosen the wrap if the area gets numb or if the pain increases.
  • Elevation: Keep the injured area raised above chest level if possible

Over time, the muscle or tendon will repair itself. Just don’t try to power through it if the workout injury gets too bad.

Repetitive Muscle Injuries from Reps

According to Columbia Universe, “Repetitive motion injuries, also called repetitive stress injuries, are temporary or permanent injuries to muscles, nerves, ligaments, and tendons caused by performing the same motion over and over again.”

According to Emedicinehealth, there are two types of injuries that can occur thanks to excess repetition in motion.

  • Bursitis – Common symptoms include pain, tenderness, and decreased range of motion over the affected area. Redness, swelling, and a crunchy feeling (crepitus) when the joint is moved may also be found.


  • Tendonitis – The most common symptom associated with tendinitis is pain at the site involved. Tendinitis can get worse by the active motion of a tendon with inflammation. The skin overlying the inflamed tendon may be red and warm to the touch.

If you experiencing this type of pain, you may want to give your tendons a rest and do something else. Sometimes changing up the workout is all you need to prevent further damage.

However, if you are experiencing things like fever, chills, and nausea, you might be getting an infection from that injury. Get a doctor to check it out when you can.

Workouts should leave you in short spurts of soreness. Not pain.

Ask a Nutritionist: Are Frozen Plant-Based Burgers Better than their Fast Food Counterparts?

Ask a Nutritionist: Plant-Based Burgers Better than their Fast Food Counterparts?

The invention of fast food had a lot of unintended consequences on the diet of worldwide populations. American’s especially. It has become a quick and easy staple of the American diet. So much so,  that it has become the cornerstone of American diets, especially among the impoverished.  And it makes sense somewhat. Our capitalistic business model combined with the addictive substances that are in fast food makes people keep coming back. Even if it created the most dangerous health crisis in North America now.  Because it is so addictive, most people are trying to get that same level of satisfaction, without obesity, horrible nutrition, and heart disease.

But just how healthy are the burger and its substitutes? Is there any sort of certainty that frozen plant-based burgers will actually improve the health of fast-food eaters? Or does it doom you to the same fate? Let’s examine the contents of burgers and their alternatives.

Beef, Fast Food Patties, and Poor Nutrition

It is no secret that the way we fry and process beef is the unhealthiest thing on the planet. The ingredients and the process of making them both have to come and go fast. So, they rely less on ingredient quality and buy low-grade beef for the sake of quantity. The same can be said of the cooking process. Frying/grilling them with quick and compressed heat and little regard for grease. Also, the large serving sizes don’t help.

The caloric range of fast food burgers goes from 720 to 490, based on the average “quarter pounder” size.  The fat content and sodium intake also leave much to be desired.  It also doesn’t help, however, most burgers that make the quarter pounder mark, or higher have too much beef. The average serving size of beef with 80% lean meat is three ounces.  That translates to 209 calories. A number that is lower than the 288 calories of  4 ounces of meat.

So, it goes without saying that if you want a beef burger that badly, you should make one on your own at home if you want to decrease the risk to your health.

But do the veggie and soy patties at the store, or on offer as an alternative, measure up? Not really.

Veggie and Soy Burgers Aren’t that Much Better for Nutrition

nutrition, beef and veggie

If you look at the comparison conducted by Barclay’s research, you will notice that there isn’t much of a difference between beef burgers, and their plant-based counterparts. In fact, if you look for the highest carbohydrate, sodium, and caloric content, it isn’t in the fast-food burgers. It is literally in Beyond Famous Star, a meatless substitute for Carl Jr.’s Famous Star.

And frozen patties for veggie burgers are not much better. A lot of them have lower serving sizes but large amounts of chemical additives.  The most popular veggie burger brand, Morningstar, literally has wood pulp as an additive for their burgers.

The presentation of the nutritional content of these veggie burgers is also deceitful in nature. Here is an example of what I mean.

Compare and Contrast

Dr. Praeger’s All American Veggie Burger
Per 4 oz patty (113 g): 240 calories, 2 g fat (0 g saturated fat), 460 mg sodium, 7 g carbs (4 g fiber, 0 g sugar), 28 g protein

Gardenburger The Original Veggie Burger
Per 2.5 oz patty (71 g): 110 calories, 3 g fat (1.5 g saturated fat), 490 mg sodium, 16 g carbs (4 g fiber, 0 g sugar), 5 g protein

At first glance, it would look like the Gardenburger would be the better choice. It has fewer calories and only slightly more in sodium and fat.

Then you look at the size of servings in ounces.  The Gardenburger is only 2.5 ounces. If you were to double it to match the same size as the first burger, you realize that you wind up with 6 grams of fat, over 900 grams of sodium, 32 carbs, and only 10 grams of protein.

To put that in perspective, that is just as much protein from a White Castle slider and almost as much sodium as you can get from a Whopper!


Does it mean to avoid all veggie burgers in lieu of beef? Not necessarily. Homemade veggie burgers have more protein and less sodium than the average frozen patty.  All the evidence points to it being a case of processing vs homemade foods.

The preservatives in both fast food and frozen meals are terrible for your health, whether you are trying to eat more health-conscious by giving up beef or not.

The best thing to do for the sake of nutrition is to just avoid things that have excess preservatives in general, beef or not.

News about Health: The CBD Oil Trend

News about Health: The CBD Oil Trend

If you have been paying attention in Huntsville, AL you may have noticed the sudden appearance of stores selling CBD oil in the area. Attitudes regarding cannabis and its properties have changed in parts of America. While the federal government still recognizes it as a drug, most states, are more likely to embrace its regular medicinal use. This is due to recent studies about the confirmed medicinal benefits of cannabis.

In fact, attitudes have changed so much, “About 85% of Americans support legalizing medical marijuana, and it is estimated that at least several million Americans currently use it.”

While this is a good thing for the medical industry, the more exploitative groups in the alternative medical field are likely to use it in order to get ahead in new market profits. Usually with exaggerated and outright false claims.  So, we are going to talk about what CBD is, and what it can or can’t do.

What is CBD?

CBD is an acronym for cannabidiol, an element that is a byproduct of cannabis. It is also the main component of medical marijuana.  It is the least controversial part of the marijuana plant because it does not contain mind-altering properties, such as THC. In fact, according to Harvard University, “CBD-dominant strains have little or no THC, so patients report very little if any alteration in consciousness.”

cbd oil, health This much was confirmed by the World Health Organization in a 2017 study. “Neither abuse nor dependence has been demonstrable.”

However, American studies of its effectiveness when it comes to the treatment of various medical afflictions are hardly official. Unfortunately, because of the previously aforementioned federal restriction, there number of departments and volunteers that are willing to conduct and record officials are scarce if at all existent.

This means that most of the data are a combination of self-report records. Records which could contain an exaggerated bias for or against CBD depending on a subject’s motive and personal beliefs.

Luckily, there are other departments worldwide who have studied this subject matter. Isreal, for instance, is the leading department for cannabis research. So, we can at least glean more official test studies from other parts of the world.

What can CBD do?

Seizure Reduction

The most common research when it comes to the medical application of CBD is the reduction of seizures. According to the CDC 470,000 children suffer from active epilepsy in the United States. Active epilepsy means “a patient with a history of doctor-diagnosed epilepsy or seizure disorder or had one or more seizures in the past year or both.”

The earliest evidence of CBD and seizure reduction of dates as far back as 1843 by W.B. O’Shaughnessy. His findings according to the Journal of Epileptic Seizures, “After testing the behavioral effects of various preparations of Cannabis indica in healthy fish, dogs, swines, vultures, crows, horses, deers, monkeys, goats, sheep, cows, and military assistants, he investigated the potential value of extracts of the plant in patients with different disorders, and reported remarkable anti-seizure effects in a 40-days-old baby girl with recurrent convulsive seizures.”

Numerous studies have outright confirmed it through the years.

Anxiety Management

It is also effective with anxiety management. Thanks to studies conducted by neuroscientists in 2015, there has been a consistent and conclusive link between anti-anxiety properties, and CBD oil. Anxiety is a far more common condition which affects roughly 40% of the American population. In fact, this often goes hand in hand with depression and most people seek out medical treatment for it.

The conclusion of the study is “. Human experimental findings support preclinical findings, and also suggest a lack of anxiogenic effects, minimal sedative effects, and an excellent safety profile.”

And it makes sense. CBD structurally is the antithesis of THC, which induces anxiety.

Pain Management

CBD oil, according to Harvard studies, can be useful for mild pain management.  “While marijuana isn’t strong enough for severe pain (for example, post-surgical pain or a broken bone), it is quite effective for the chronic pain that plagues millions of Americans, especially as they age.”

“Part of its allure is that it is clearly safer than opiates (it is impossible to overdose on and far less addictive and it CBD oil, properties, truthcan take the place of NSAIDs such as Advil or Aleve if people can’t take them due to problems with their kidneys or ulcers or GERD.”

However, there have been exaggerations about it over the years.  It cannot handle every type of pain.  So, if you think you need something for mild chronic pain, then you can take an appropriate dosage. Anything more than that won’t do much, and it does have blood thinning properties so avoid overdependence.


Unless you specifically know the results of a study regarding CBD oil, it is safe to assume it has either mild effects or the claim is highly exaggerated. For instance, if someone is claiming that it will cure cancer, obesity or Alzheimers, chances are it’s false. Either they are either exaggerating greatly or are outright lying to you and are relying on the placebo effect. 

Nutrition: Is it One Size Fits All?

How Personalized Can Nutrition Be?

The idea of nutrition has changed over time. From sugar being part of the daily diet in the early 1900s to the MyPlate model of today, America’s main mission is to find the perfect model for nutrition for the entire population.  But what if we are doing it all wrong? What if we are operating under the fallacy of the “one size fits all” model?

After all, everyone is different on a genetic level for the most part. What if we all have different nutritional needs? What would meeting those needs look like?  Today, we are going to talk about personalized nutrition.

How do We Respond to Food?

We all know that food is essential for survival. That is why we cultivate it, create a culture around it, and create philosophies about it. The one that encapsulates the spirit of the current attitude of allergy testnutritionists is the Chinese principle of Daoism. They believed that food was medicine for the body. That each food had a property that solely exists to maintain nutritional balance. So, you needed an ideal balance between things like hot and cold, spicy and bland, bitter and sweet. Aside from external injury, the common belief was that everything internal can be solved by nutritional balance.

And for the most part, scientific data is backing up what centuries of people have been saying. The recent discovery of microorganisms in the stomach, and how they behave bring credence to that theory. Microscopic single-celled organisms thrive or die according to how it reacts to a nutrient. Each microorganism has a strand of DNA in that responds to micronutrients.

If the helpful/neutral ones are thriving you are going to be more healthy. If they are dying, stagnant, or mutated, however, you are much more likely to get sick or suffer from some sort of metabolic disorder.

However, the real kicker each microbiome is different.

How Different Are Our Nutritional Needs?

There are demonstrable differences between various microbiomes. The most overt example is food allergies. Someone can have exposure to something like strawberries for a long time but will suddenly gain an allergic reaction to it. Some people are allergic to just a combination of things. For instance, someone can tolerate raspberries and lemonade but the two of them together can cause a reaction. Some people even lose allergies altogether. There are even cases of pregnant women losing an allergy during pregnancy and getting it back afterward.

The Nutrition Twin Study

This is further explored in the latest study between identical and fraternal twins. The unique twin study, “PREDICT 1”, examines the biological responses of 1,100 participants that ate certain foods over a period of 14 days. They utilized multiple search markers that included: blood sugar levels, triglycerides, insulin resistance, levels of physical activity, and the health of their gut microbiome.

The results were surprising to the research team. Professor nutrition twin studyTim Spector, the man who spearheaded the study stated in Medical News, “(we) found out that identical twins shared 37% of the bacteria in their gut — only slightly higher than the 35% shared between two unrelated individuals.”

The meaning is further clarified by the article, “Despite having the same genes and exposure to similar environments, identical twins often had very different glucose responses to set meals, whether they were high in carbs, fiber, fat, or sugar.”

This demonstrates not only just how different a person’s nutritional needs are, but also how they can drastically change.

Nutrition isn’t only Genetic

So, what could the other variables be for nutrition and health? Well, there is a lot of them. Metabolism, the microbiome, schedules, meal timing, and physical activity combined with nutrition is what makes up the whole of a person’s health.

This level of variance in measurable data in combination with the varieties of microbiomes out there means that the idea of a “one size fits all” dietary guideline is impossibly unrealistic.

No one can come up with the perfect nutrition guide for everyone because everybody reacts to everything differently.


This is the sort of information that changes our attitudes about nutrition and health in general. And if this sort of variance can be applicable to things like medication? That can change the shape of modern medicine as we know it, let alone diet plans.

Nutrition and a healthy outcome are what everybody needs, even if it looks different from one person to the next.

Talk to a nutritionist if you feel the need to start an individual diet plan 

Nutrition and Old Wive’s Tales

Old Wive’s Nutrition

You have heard the expression, “old wives tales”, right? It is a term that often means a truism that gets passed on orally as conventional wisdom from one generation to another. However, that truism is usually not so true. This is a social phenomenon when a deeply held belief of one generation transforms into superstitious nonsense of by another. Many myths and old wives tales start out as a form of caution when a way of life is presented with something new. If there is a chance this new thing could be a threat to health and safety,  whether it is grooming, behavior or nutrition, then older generations will react to make sure their young stay away from the potential threat.

Usually, the phenomenon occurs when the latter generation gets bold enough to put those truisms to the test. When there is no discernable evidence to prove it, we write it off in favor of more accurate information. This helps later generations adapt and survive in a changing environment. In the end, older generations are unhappy with younger generations changing their traditional way of life.  Younger generations are more dismissive towards the older generation attitudes towards change as part of a coming of age process.  One of the biggest examples of this sociological phenomenon is our knowledge of nutrition. Even in a time gap as small as 10 years, what constitutes as healthy and nutritional changes.  How does this shape our present, and what do we have to unlearn to move forward? Let’s talk about it.

Hydration – Always Drink 8 Glasses of Water a Day


This one is a particularly old truism that runs rampant in today’s athletic circles, as well as parenting groups.  The gist of it is that people need water. At the very least, 8 glasses of day. Or, at least enough to where your urine should come out clear. It is a popular one, but the truism here is exaggerated.  Don’t get it wrong, hydration is indeed important. It makes up at least 60% of your body weight and you need it to survive.  However, if you are peeing clear, it is less about proper hydration and more about overhydration.

This phenomenon is more common among athletes, mainly because sports drink companies tend to push their product for hydration reasons. It is called hyponatremia and even “…some of the healthiest people, such as marathon runners and other extreme athletes—are the ones at risk for water intoxication. Drinking large quantities of water, combined with depleted sodium reserves due to physical activity, have led to fatal consequences in extreme athletes.”

What’s more, we don’t have to worry so much about hydration because we already have a system in our brain for detecting what we need. It tells us we are thirsty, and we drink to satisfy it.  Ultimately, “Don’t ignore itchings for water or confuse them with hunger, and you’ll generally be fine. And don’t worry too much about the color of your urine, either. A light yellow or straw-like color can indicate you’re well hydrated, but darker urine isn’t necessarily a reason to panic.”

100% Fruit Juice is Healthy!

This one was a popular slogan during the height of the Juicy Juice era of the 1980s and 90s. This was a favorite go-to for marketing campaigns and commercial for various commercial beverages. However, the juice alone isn’t exactly all that healthy for anyone.  While it is arguable that it would be useful in times of a sugar crash, or have a boost of vitamins, the truth is that it doesn’t do nutrition, juicemuch else.

In theory, it is something that sounds plausible. As I mentioned before, there is a stress on the vitamins that fruits and vegetables provide, all of which are more preferable than if you were to take a supplement. This stems in the logical fallacy that if something is natural, then it is good.  But it all falls apart when the juice is extracted from the pulp.

The nutrition factor is not in the juice. It is in the fiber of the fruit and vegetables that make up most of the nutrition. Without it to counteract the sugars, it is really no different than drinking a can of soda. Sometimes it is even a little worse.

Granted, if you can preserve most of the pulp or fiber in the smoothies that you drink, and avoid adding extra sugars, then you might be onto something. Even a little bit of dilution with water and ice is a good idea if you still want to drink something sweet. But juice alone is not able to satiate hunger.

Exercise Tips From a Nutritionist

Exercise 101

Not everyone is born with the innate knowledge of how to exercise. While it is true that children often hit an age where running around is more preferable to sitting still, the idea that regular exercise should be a consistent habit is something that needs to be taught.  So, if someone has gone through some unpleasantries during their physical education, or have never had it in the first place from a sport or activity, it is reasonable to assume that they will grow up without the “workout” skillset.  That is why today, we are going to go over the normal biological signs to look out for when starting a workout regimen. Let’s dive in.

Heart Rate and Exercise

One of the things to expect when coming up with a workout is a change in heart rate. Whether it is beating rapidly from a workout or is calm at a regular pace, your heart does a lot of work. Without it, blood can’t flow through our body. We wouldn’t be able to process oxygen, and we wouldn’t have a strong indicator of just how hard our bodies are working. When we work out, our bodies need a lot more energy to push through the intensity of the moment. And if the heart beats are too slow, too fast, or out of rhythm, then something is terribly wrong.

So, what is the ideal heart rate in the average adult?

heart rate, exerciseOn average, the resting heart rate of an adult at rest is from 60 to 100 beats per minute or bpm. This means while you are sleeping, sitting, talking, eating, or doing other low-level activities, that is the rate to expect. The exception to this could be small children and shorter adults. Usually, when an organism is smaller, they have a naturally high heart rate. The same can be said of the opposite. The taller or wider a person is, the more likely the heart rate will slow down.

The active heart rate that someone working out should be aiming for is a 50-70% increase in heart rate for moderate activity. So, if you average about  100 bpm, then you might want to shoot for 130-170 when exercising.

At the most strenuous, you want to shoot for double the rate but only for short periods of time. After all, if you overwork your heart it might give out from the strain.  As long as you aim between the target numbers, you are getting adequate exercise. If you are getting numbers far too high or far too low see your doctor. Something might be terribly wrong.


Another good indicator of workout intensity is your sweat rate. Not many people realize it but the amount of sweating can be measured. Sweat helps remove waste from your body. It is an indicator of proper hydration and can cool it down to prevent overheating. Our sweat production during a workout, or simply through staying in high temperatures.

However, the measurement of how much you sweat is much more complicated than the process of determining someone’s bpm. Precision Hydration states, “Sweat rate varies considerably from person to person and it can also vary quite a lot for any given individual because things like how hard you’re working, the ambient temperature andsweating, meme humidity, your clothing choices, genetics, and heat acclimation status all play a role in determining how fast and how much your body perspires.”

So, what are people supposed to aim for? According to, “An average person sweats between 0.8 to 1.4 liters (roughly 27.4 to 47.3 oz.) per hour during exercise. To help you with a visual, the smaller bike water bottles typically hold 0.6 liters (20 oz.) of fluid and the larger bottles hold 0.7 liters (24 oz.) of fluid.”

There are ways that you can personally calculate it. However, as long as you stay within the range, you should be good to go.

Exhaustion after Exercise

How much fatigue is to be expected after a workout? Should there be hours of exhaustion after a workout, or should it not be present at all? Most people who are not in the habit of exercise often cite pain and exhaustion as reasons not to take it up. And it makes sense. We have busy lives. It is easy to ignore something that sounds unpleasant. Especially, if it is going to cause pain and take up too much time.

However, the amount of fatigue after a workout should not last longer than two or three times in a row. After a while, your body will naturally build endurance. The only thing that could stand in the way of that is either a lack of proper nutrition or a medical issue.


Summertime Safety: Sunburn Prevention

Summertime Safety: Sunburn Prevention

It is important for your health to engage in regular exercise, as well as, a nutritious diet. But there are other elements that can make or break your healthy lifestyle.  Natural elements that can act as an obstacle.  And in summer, one of the biggest obstacles is the sun. The heat of the summer season, combined with the ultraviolet rays of the sun can cause major skin damage in the form of a sunburn. At its least effective, it can cause painfully irritated skin, at its most, it can give you skin cancer. That is why today, we are going to focus on the importance of skin care during outdoor activities for a healthy and happy lifestyle during the summer season. Because if we can’t focus on other important aspects of health combined with nutrition, then you are only taking care of half of your health.

sunburn, healthWhat are the Symptoms of Sunburn?

The more common symptoms of sunburn include reddening of the skin and pain. However, that is the most basic of its effects. That rarely touches on the more severe symptoms, as well as what happens to the skin during recovery.

More extreme forms of sunburn symptoms include fever, chills, nausea, weakness, dehydration, and headaches. It is colloquially called “sun poisoning,” and the combined symptoms oftentimes can make the person feel like they are drunk.

If the burn is severe enough to get into its second degree, then blisters will often form on parts of the skin. They will swell with bodily fluids made up of water and some white blood cells.  Blisters will appear to provide a cool protective layer between the old skin and the new skin that is forming.  That is why it is important to avoid lancing smaller blisters, and if a larger one pops, you want to keep the old skin on there as much as possible to prevent infection, as well as any extra ultraviolet rays of the sun.

Speaking of…

How Do Sunburns Happen?

Well, sunburns are caused by the ultraviolet rays of the sun. There are three types of ultraviolet rays that come from the sun that are classified as UVA, UVB, and UVC.  UVA and UVB are the types sunburn, water blisters, severe, healthof ultraviolet rays that can seep into your skin. UVC, the most dangerous of the bunch, is naturally blocked by the Earth’s ozone layer.  The ultraviolet rays cause a radiation effect and damages skin cells that come into burn contact.

And how powerful is that burn? Powerful enough to take on literal strands of DNA. ”

Invisible ultraviolet light carries more energy than the light visible to humans, and this energy packs a tiny punch.

“When a UV photon strikes the skin, it can damage the DNA in the body’s cells. It does this by breaking the orderly bonds between the four nucleotides, adenosine, thymine, and guanine. So-called thymine dimers form, when two thymine nucleotides bind together, throwing the whole shape of the DNA molecule out of whack.”

It is produced by cells in our skin called melanocytes. Melanin absorbs ultraviolet light and dissipates it as heat.

Our skin can produce natural protection from the sun, in the form of melanin, a type of skin pigment. However, the amount of melanin we have varies from person to person. Darker skinned people, for instance, will have more melanin than someone with fair skin. Even if everyone has the same amount of melanocytes.

However, that does not mean that people with darker skin are completely immune to sunburn. They just need a little less assistance. That is why there is a range of sun care products for the prevention of sunburn.

So, what are some of the things to look for when trying to prevent sunburn?

Sunburn Prevention

Usually, the type of sunscreen that you want will depend on your age, how fair your skin is, and how long you stay in the sun exposure. If you are dark skinned and don’t stay out long, something like SPF30 will do the trick. If you are fair skinned, or you have a fair skinned child planning to stay out in a water park all day, then you want a higher SPF with regular application every couple of hours.  Broad spectrum sunscreen is great for blocking both UVA and UVB rays.

What is fascinating about this part is that these rays are not exclusive to summertime. It just happens more often because people are outside more during the summer season. But the weirdest yet most fascinating thing about sunburns is that it doesn’t have to be the middle of summer for you to get them.  “ 80% of UVB rays can reflect from surfaces such as ice, snow, and sand and increase UV exposure. UVA rays can penetrate through glass, such as your car window.” So, you want to stay covered just as a rule of thumb.

If you are willing to forego sunbathing and skin exposure, you can always use a cover, like a hat or a t-shirt to prevent ultraviolet rays from getting access to your skin. Also, you might want to just avoid going outside during the hottest part of the day, from 10AM-2PM.

Also, it is just important to stay hydrated, whatever outdoor activity you are planning to do.

Sunburn Aftercare

If you were just so wrapped up in your own activities that you forgot about sun care, chances are you are already burnt like a rotisserie chicken.  Thankfully, there are things that can be done for treatment. These treatments include:

  • Pain relief – over-the-counter (OTC) pain relief such as ibuprofen or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) can help relieve the pain and reduce swelling. It is best to take these as soon as possible. Some pain relief can be applied as a topical ointment.
  • Hydrocortisone cream – may also help reduce inflammation and itching.
  • Rehydrate – drink water to help rehydrate the skin.
  • Don’t break small blisters – allow them to run their course. If one breaks, clean it with mild soap and water.
  • Peeling skin – do not pick, and continue to apply moisturizer.
  • Cool the skin – apply a damp cloth or towel, or take a cool bath.
  • Do not use butter – this is a false remedy that can prevent healing and damage skin.
  • Apply moisturizer – for instance, aloe vera gel.
  • Stay out of the sun – avoid making the burn worse by exposing it to more UV.

If you see a mole that you are unfamiliar with, then you want to go to a dermatologist as soon as you possibly can to determine whether it is cancerous or not.


Nutrition Facts : Translating Diet Marketing Terms

Ask a Nutritionist: Translating Diet Marketing Terms

I may have mentioned this before but a lot of the nutrition industry is kind of a scam. Marketers, junk food companies, and pseudo-experts peddle placebos at best to outright dangerous dietary advice at worst. It comes from the need for a quick fix combined with a poor body image. An image that is perpetuated by the media we consume. This problem is so prevalent, that we are as unhealthy as we have ever been as a nation. So, what can we do to live our healthiest lives? We educate ourselves with accurate information. And the best thing to do is to recognize the intent of companies that are marketing their products as healthy.

So, this nutritionist will translate and comment on the terms that often throw the public for a loop.


The “Frees”


nutrition, fat freeFat-Free

This is one of the things that has been common for packaging over the last 30 years is the term “fat-free”. You can find the term on top of things like pre-packaged snacks. While a lot of people have gotten wise to this particular term, some of them often forget the implications behind “fat-free”. This is succinctly put by, “Something that most people seem to forget is that fat-free does not mean calorie-free, carbohydrate-free, or preservative-free. What some fat-free products lack in fat, they make up for in sugars and other unhealthy additives”. Also, the application of the term could only apply to the serving. If one cookie has a negligible amount of fat, if you eat seven of them, then you are probably eating enough for there to be fat in it.



The term sugar-free oftentimes means that the natural sugar that would be in a recipe is replaced with an artificial sweetener. While people are making an effort to cut down on the sugar, we still don’t know the long term effects of how artificial sweeteners affect the body. You are better off decreasing sugar altogether and indulging very sparsely on the real thing.


Gluten Free

This is a more recent diet fad that has come in light of the discovery of gluten sensitivities and allergies. While celiac disease and other related gluten allergies are certainly problematic, it affects a whopping 1% of the American population. Out of 327 million Americans, only 3 million have are legitimately allergic to gluten. Statistically, this is not as large as the number of people who believe they have that sensitivity.  While it is important that some companies are mindful of them in general, it isn’t as widespread as people believe.


The Natural Movement



This movement is old enough to be prevalent since the 1960s when certain groups were worried about the implications of pesticides in gardening. The term these days is a catch-all buzzword for nutrition organicthings that are food without excess chemicals. But just because something is organic, that does not mean its always healthy. You can eat organic ice cream but its still ice cream. If you only focus on the term ‘organic’ without looking at nutrition implications, then you won’t live a healthier life by much.


All Natural

Just like organic, the idea of something being natural is assumed to be healthy. But that kind of assumption, when consumers are not careful, just leads to cognitive dissonance. After all, sumac is technically natural but it is deadly to us. Sugar is natural too, and if it is in food stuff, chances are it isn’t all that healthy. Too much sea salt will cause sodium problems. See, what I mean? While you may be more likely to choose something naturally made, you still should still be wary of nutrition in general.


Over Powered Nutrition



Doesn’t it sound like something that belongs to a comic book? Joking aside, the term itself is not something official. This is a product of pure marketing and is a huge issue when it comes to dietary supplements and specific ingredients. Our bodies are far too complicated to simply react to one type of food. It needs a balanced diet with multiple elements involved. There is no cure-all food that will suddenly change how your body works. It takes consistent effort and balanced nutrition to lose weight and live a healthy life.

Antioxidants/ Probiotics

Both terms are abused quite often to satisfy the demand of foods that contain both. While both of them are important for a healthy diet, I must reiterate that our bodies are complicated. We need a balanced diet with all of these things to live as our best selves. Eating enough vegetables and the occasional fermented food is more than enough to get what your body needs.



If you have any questions about nutrition, you can always ask a nutritionist. They are more educated on the subject and can look through all the garbage. Call Bekah if you are serious about coming up with a diet plan.

Grading Meat: What’s Healthy and What Isn’t

Grading Meat: What’s Healthy and What Isn’t

A little while ago, we talked about the grading of vegetables. How confusing the system was, and what was constituted as healthy. Well, this time, we are looking into the rules and regulations for grading meat. If the policy is completely voluntary or at least a little lax for vegetables, then surely it would be the same for the meat industry, right? Not exactly.

Thanks to a failed attempt at getting America to embrace socialism by Upton Sinclair, regulations in the meat industry was a must from the 1920’s onward. People were concerned if the handling of meat was considered safe and healthy. So, the meat grading system, compared to the vegetable grading system is far more complex and is taken more seriously by the government. There are different grading levels for each type of meat. Most of which are not interchangeable with meat because each type of meat has its own properties based on what is healthy for that animal. So, we are going to look into the grading system for two of the three types of meat that are predictably harvested and bred in the United States. Beef, and Chicken.

Grading Beefbeef, prime

Beef, meat from a cow, has officially 8 grades. Each grade takes into consideration both the marbling and the age of the meat from when it was initially killed and harvested.

1.  U.S. Prime – Highest in quality and intramuscular fat, limited supply. Currently, about 2.9% of carcasses grade as Prime. This would be the creme de la creme where beef is concerned and has the most fat attached to it.

2.  U.S. Choice – High quality, widely available in the foodservice industry and retail markets. Choice carcasses are 53.7% of the fed cattle total. The difference between Choice and Prime is largely due to the fat content in the beef. Prime typically has a higher fat content (more and well distributed intramuscular “marbling”) than Choice.

3.  U.S. Select (formerly Good) – This is lowest grade commonly sold at supermarkets, acceptable quality, but is less juicy and tender due to leanness.  The cutoff for this grade of meat, as well as the other two grades above,  is when the cattle is 30 months old or younger.

4.  U.S. Standard – Lower quality, yet economical, it lacks marbling so you would need to add some fat for cooking.

5.  U.S. Commercial – Low quality, lacking tenderness, produced from older animals. If you are using this type of meat at all, then you would want to utilize a cooking method meant to tenderize the beef, like boiling. The age of this cattle is in between 30 to 40 months old.
The three grades below are the kind of beef that can’t cut it as a steak.  Instead, the meat from older cattle is utilized for things like ground beef, sausages, hotdogs, and canned meats. This cutoff in age is past 40 months.

6.  U.S. Utility

7.  U.S. Cutter

8. U.S. Canner


grading chicken, health standardsGrading Chicken

The quality of chicken, like beef, does have a grading system. However, there are only three grades. This is because the grading system does not rely on the age of the chicken, so much as it relies on the condition of the meat and bones. The meat and muscular definition of the animals vary according to species, so they rely on checking the fat content, the condition of the flesh, and the condition of the bone. All to make sure which is more healthy.

1.  Class A –  This type of class is at the top. This is with no deformities, bruises, broken bones, or discoloration. This bird better be in perfect condition to make this grade. There should be no exposed flesh or at least as little as possible. This is the type of chicken that is good for roasting.

2.  Class B –  This type of class allows for moderate deformities. It should still have flesh, at least enough so that the wings or the drums don’t look too thin. The amount of exposed flesh can be no more than one-third of the carcass.  This type of chicken is great for frying.

3. Class  C – This is the lowest grade for poultry. It is allowed more room for error with the occasional feathers still unplucked, little fat attached to the flesh, and mostly exposed skin. The meat is going to be tougher, so this grade of chicken is best for stuff like stew meat or used in the making of stock.

Which Grades are Healthy?

The way that we grade meat is far more meticulous than vegetables, and it is outright fascinating how meat is graded on their own merits. However, what do we know is the healthiest? The trick is, you don’t want the fattest cut, but you don’t want the leanest cut either. Fat is still good for adding flavor and tenderizing the meat, but too much of it can go to your waistline. Stick with midgrade unless you want to go lean for things like stews.

Healthy Activities for the Summer Season

Choose  A Healthy Workout for the Summer Season

Though it is only the beginning of May, outside temperatures are steadily rising in Huntsville, AL. That means that the summer season is just around the corner. Kids get out of school, swimming pools are getting ready to open up, and many critters are running around the outdoors.  Interestingly enough, this is also the time of year where a lot of physical activities take place. And while not everyone has a “bikini body” they are proud of, there are still plenty of ways to get fit and enjoy the summer season. Here are a few ways you can get fit with some healthy workout in the summer season.

workout cycling



Do you want to feel the rush of wind against your face? Do you want to develop leg strength while performing cardio? Then cycling is the way to go. While most kids have hopped on a bike once in a while, most people don’t really take that with them into adulthood. However, you should reconsider if you haven’t done it in a while since it is tremendous for your heart health and muscle activity. It is also low impact, so your joints will less likely suffer from permanent damage. So hop on that bike and ride like you never forgot to learn how!


Maybe you want to keep the weight of the world off your shoulders. Gravity, after all, can be a hefty burden especially to your joints, including your knees and hips. The weightless sensation makes you less likely to feel like your body has expended too much effort. It is great for people who suffer from physical disabilities. And, it also counts as a cardio activity, as well as an important life skill to learn in case of emergencies. So, grab that suit and dive right in!


This is a form of exercise that anyone can know how to do instinctually from the time they were a toddler. All you have to do is put one foot in front of the other for a long enough time, and eventually, you will get in shape. This activity is a little more high impact compared to something like swimming, so if you have joint pains, you might want to take it a little easy on this one. Nevertheless, if you want something that does not cost money in accessories, grab a pair of your old tennis shoes and get to walking.


This form of workout can give you a “two for one” kind of benefit. For starters, the act of gardening itself can be considered a somewhat strenuous activity. Gardening involves things bending, lifting, pulling, and several other forms of physical movement. So, the first physical benefit is exercise. The second benefit would be fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as pretty flowers in your yard for yourself and others to enjoy. If you have the tools, the plot of land, and a floppy hat, then you can get out there and garden. If you don’t have the land or supplies, there are plenty of co-op and volunteer gardens that could benefit from your help. This can add a third benefit to this kind of exercise, helping your community.

workout, dancing


What if you have a sudden urge to move. Or maybe you want to indulge your artistic side or understand your heritage? Then you might want to consider picking up dancing. The rapid yet graceful movements of the human body are enough to get in a hardcore workout. Especially if the beat of the music runs at a faster tempo. This is a great activity for socializing since most dances require a partner, and it can certainly help in boosting confidence after a difficult yet rewarding performance.


What if you are more concerned with your spiritual practices? Maybe you are suffering from extreme anxiety and are worried about the judgment from others when working out? Then, maybe you ought to consider yoga as part of your workout regimen. The exercises are great for stretching out your limbs, clearing your mind, and decreasing blood pressure all around. Also, most of the time, when you are working out in a class, everyone else is too preoccupied with their own stretching to even notice what is going on with you. There is even a period in which you can close your eyes and come down from the intensity of the workout.  Pick this up if you feel like this is the right one for you.